This article reviews the varied experiences of selected programmes across the EU with the fulfilment of the new monitoring requirements. The article is based on secondary source research and fieldwork interviews carried out in IQ-Net partner countries and regions with Managing Authorities and Intermediate Bodies, as well as an interview with the European Commission (DG REGIO). It starts with a review of the new monitoring obligations, and their rationale against the background of changed regulatory provisions. It then goes on to discuss the new monitoring arrangements in IQ-Net partner programmes, including the changes introduced to monitoring indicators and systems, the selection of results indicators, the main issues with the design and operation of the 2014-2020 monitoring systems, the challenges that remain to be addressed, as well as efforts to supplement monitoring data with administrative and survey data to better serve the needs of evaluation. Concluding reflections are provided.