This paper presents an overview of how the Community-led Local Development (CLLD)
instrument has been used in the EU in the 2014–2020 programming period. It provides a typology
of countries applying the options offered by CLLD and illustrates the various ways in which the
different eligible EU funds were contributing financially. The article discusses the experiences made
with CLLD implementation, focusing on the purpose for which CLLD was implemented, the barriers
encountered, and the achievements so far. A particular look is taken at the urban dimension of CLLD
as one of the innovative elements of the 2014–2020 programming period. Overall, CLLD can bring
significant added value for the targeted territories and can foster an increased policy integration.
However, challenges remain, particularly around administrative complexities, and these impact on
the willingness of policy-makers to make use of the full range of options offered by CLLD. Indeed,
looking into 2021–2027, there are countries discontinuing CLLD, but, at the same time, the CLLD
model is being expanded where experiences have been predominantly positive.